Steven holds a B.A. in English Literature and German from Trinity College Dublin, and an M.Phil. in Eighteenth Century British Literature from Cambridge University. His dissertation is entitled “Words without Meaning: the Klangfiguren in Goethe, Schopenhauer and Nietzsche.” It asks how meaning is created within nature, and what role artworks play in this. The project engages recent work in the history of science, especially sound studies. Secondary interests include aesthetic and critical theory, philosophical anthropology, poetry and poetics. Broadly, Steven writes about literature from the perspective of classical philosophy. This provides a fresh account of what literature can do, and how it relates to different kinds of knowledge.